問題

例:

私はあなたがこの機能をどのように呼び出すのか分からないので、私はそれを説明しようとします。たとえば、電話を公開WiFiホットスポット/アクセスポイントに接続すると、OSから用語/条件を受け入れる必要があるというメッセージが表示されます。または接続を使用できるようにログオンする必要があります。このメッセージをクリックすると、/ブラウザが開き、ランディングペー

彼らはどのようにこれを行うのですか?これはhttpsの機能ですか?


更新:(1)

それはCaptive Portalと呼ばれます:

キャプティブポータルテクニックは、ネットワーク上のHTTPクライアントに、通常はインターネットを使用する前に特別なWebページ(通常は認証目的)を表示させます。キャプティブポータルは、Webブラウザを認証デバイスに変換します。これは、アドレスやポートに関係なく、ユーザーがブラウザを開き、Webにアクセスしようとするまで、ほとんどのパケットを傍受することによって行われます。その時、ブラウザは認証や支払いを必要とするWebページにリダイレクトされます。また、受け入れ可能な使用方針を表示


状況:

私はWiFi経由で設定できるデバイスを開発するので、ESP(ESP32/ESP8266)で同じことをしたいと思います。ユーザーがデバイスに接続し、最初にブラウザを開く必要がなく、IP-addressなどを入力する必要はありません。ちょうどメッセージ、ユーザーはそれをクリックすることができ、メインページが起動されます。

APモードでは、DNSをオンにしてすべてをメインページにリダイレクトしましたが、最良の解決策ではありません(時にはうまくいきません)。私が何をしているのか、ここでいくつかのコード、私のライブラリの一部:

 bool suStartAccessPointNetwork( String  sSSIDNetworkName, String   sSSIDPassword,
                                IPAddress sStaticIpAddress,
                                uint16_t iDnsPort = 0,
                                uint8_t iTries = 20, 
                                uint16_t iDelay = 500 
                              )
{ 
  WiFi.disconnect();
  suSetNetworkAccessPointMode();
  delay( 1000 );
  WiFi.softAPConfig( sStaticIpAddress,
                       sStaticIpAddress,
                       IPAddress( 255, 255, 255, 0 )
                     ); 

  SU_WIFI_AP_ESTABLISHED = WiFi.softAP( sSSIDNetworkName.c_str(), sSSIDPassword.c_str() );

  if( iDnsPort > 0 )
  {
       static SUDNSServer* pDnsServer = NULLPTR;

       if( !pDnsServer )
        { pDnsServer = new SUDNSServer(); }

       // modify TTL, default is 60 seconds
       pDnsServer->setTTL(60);

       // set which return code will be used for all other domains (e.g. sending
       // ServerFailure instead of NonExistentDomain will reduce number of queries
       // sent by clients)
       // default is DNSReplyCode::NonExistentDomain
       pDnsServer->setErrorReplyCode( DNSReplyCode::NoError );
       pDnsServer->start( iDnsPort, 
                        //SCDMS_MDNS_ACCESS_NAME, 
                        "*", 
                        sStaticIpAddress
                       );

       Serial.print("DNS server started at " );
       Serial.println( sStaticIpAddress ); 

       suSetDnsServer( pDnsServer );
  } 


  Serial.print("[AP]:");

  bool bConnected = false;

  if( iTries == 0 )
   { ++iTries; } 

   // Try to connect, give WiFi 10 seconds to launch a network as access point.
  while( !(bConnected = suIsNetworkEstablished()) && (iTries--) )
  {
      Serial.print('.');
      //Serial.print(WiFi.status());
      delay(500);
  }

  if( bConnected )
   { SU_WIFI_AP_ESTABLISHED = bConnected; }

  Serial.println( bConnected?" ((o))":" o?" );


  return bConnected;
}
 

質問:

上記の例でdiscribedのような機能を実装するにはどうすればよいですか?何か案は?とにかく可能ですか?

- - - - -

更新2:

@ gre_gorは、サービスの名前を知った後に見つけたのと同じ例を思いつきました(更新1も参照)。この例のようなURLパスなどを実装すると、上記のように動作しません。さて、完全な例、同じ結果、OSポップアップ/メッセージなし、リダイレクトなし。ブラウザでIPadressを入力すると、これは既に持っていたものと同じですが動作しています。

私が試した拡張デモの1つ:

 #include <ESP8266WiFi.h>
#include <WiFiClient.h>
#include <ESP8266WebServer.h>
#include <DNSServer.h>
#include <ESP8266mDNS.h>
#include <EEPROM.h>

/*
   This example serves a "hello world" on a WLAN and a SoftAP at the same time.
   The SoftAP allow you to configure WLAN parameters at run time. They are not setup in the sketch but saved on EEPROM.
   Connect your computer or cell phone to wifi network ESP_ap with password 12345678. A popup may appear and it allow you to go to WLAN config. If it does not then navigate to http://192.168.4.1/wifi and config it there.
   Then wait for the module to connect to your wifi and take note of the WLAN IP it got. Then you can disconnect from ESP_ap and return to your regular WLAN.
   Now the ESP8266 is in your network. You can reach it through http://192.168.x.x/ (the IP you took note of) or maybe at http://esp8266.local too.
   This is a captive portal because through the softAP it will redirect any http request to http://192.168.4.1/
*/

/* Set these to your desired softAP credentials. They are not configurable at runtime */
#ifndef APSSID
#define APSSID "ESP_ap"
#define APPSK  "12345678"
#endif

const char *softAP_ssid = APSSID;
const char *softAP_password = APPSK;

/* hostname for mDNS. Should work at least on windows. Try http://esp8266.local */
const char *myHostname = "esp8266";

/* Don't set this wifi credentials. They are configurated at runtime and stored on EEPROM */
char ssid[32] = "";
char password[32] = "";

// DNS server
const byte DNS_PORT = 53;
DNSServer dnsServer;

// Web server
ESP8266WebServer server(80);

/* Soft AP network parameters */
IPAddress apIP(192, 168, 4, 1);
IPAddress netMsk(255, 255, 255, 0);


/** Should I connect to WLAN asap? */
boolean connect;

/** Last time I tried to connect to WLAN */
unsigned long lastConnectTry = 0;

/** Current WLAN status */
unsigned int status = WL_IDLE_STATUS;

/** Is this an IP? */
boolean isIp(String str) {
  for (size_t i = 0; i < str.length(); i++) {
    int c = str.charAt(i);
    if (c != '.' && (c < '0' || c > '9')) {
      return false;
    }
  }
  return true;
}

/** IP to String? */
String toStringIp(IPAddress ip) {
  String res = "";
  for (int i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
    res += String((ip >> (8 * i)) & 0xFF) + ".";
  }
  res += String(((ip >> 8 * 3)) & 0xFF);
  return res;
}

/** Load WLAN credentials from EEPROM */
void loadCredentials() {
  EEPROM.begin(512);
  EEPROM.get(0, ssid);
  EEPROM.get(0 + sizeof(ssid), password);
  char ok[2 + 1];
  EEPROM.get(0 + sizeof(ssid) + sizeof(password), ok);
  EEPROM.end();
  if (String(ok) != String("OK")) {
    ssid[0] = 0;
    password[0] = 0;
  }
  Serial.println("Recovered credentials:");
  Serial.println(ssid);
  Serial.println(strlen(password) > 0 ? "********" : "<no password>");
}

/** Store WLAN credentials to EEPROM */
void saveCredentials() {
  EEPROM.begin(512);
  EEPROM.put(0, ssid);
  EEPROM.put(0 + sizeof(ssid), password);
  char ok[2 + 1] = "OK";
  EEPROM.put(0 + sizeof(ssid) + sizeof(password), ok);
  EEPROM.commit();
  EEPROM.end();
}

/** Handle root or redirect to captive portal */
void handleRoot() {
  if (captivePortal()) { // If caprive portal redirect instead of displaying the page.
    return;
  }
  server.sendHeader("Cache-Control", "no-cache, no-store, must-revalidate");
  server.sendHeader("Pragma", "no-cache");
  server.sendHeader("Expires", "-1");

  String Page;
  Page += F(
            "<html><head></head><body>"
            "<h1>HELLO WORLD!!</h1>");
  if (server.client().localIP() == apIP) {
    Page += String(F("<p>You are connected through the soft AP: ")) + softAP_ssid + F("</p>");
  } else {
    Page += String(F("<p>You are connected through the wifi network: ")) + ssid + F("</p>");
  }
  Page += F(
            "<p>You may want to <a href='/wifi'>config the wifi connection</a>.</p>"
            "</body></html>");

  server.send(200, "text/html", Page);
}

/** Redirect to captive portal if we got a request for another domain. Return true in that case so the page handler do not try to handle the request again. */
boolean captivePortal() {
  if (!isIp(server.hostHeader()) && server.hostHeader() != (String(myHostname) + ".local")) {
    Serial.println("Request redirected to captive portal");
    server.sendHeader("Location", String("http://") + toStringIp(server.client().localIP()), true);
    server.send(302, "text/plain", "");   // Empty content inhibits Content-length header so we have to close the socket ourselves.
    server.client().stop(); // Stop is needed because we sent no content length
    return true;
  }
  return false;
}

/** Wifi config page handler */
void handleWifi() {
  server.sendHeader("Cache-Control", "no-cache, no-store, must-revalidate");
  server.sendHeader("Pragma", "no-cache");
  server.sendHeader("Expires", "-1");

  String Page;
  Page += F(
            "<html><head></head><body>"
            "<h1>Wifi config</h1>");
  if (server.client().localIP() == apIP) {
    Page += String(F("<p>You are connected through the soft AP: ")) + softAP_ssid + F("</p>");
  } else {
    Page += String(F("<p>You are connected through the wifi network: ")) + ssid + F("</p>");
  }
  Page +=
    String(F(
             "
<br />"
             "<table><tr><th align='left'>SoftAP config</th></tr>"
             "<tr><td>SSID ")) +
    String(softAP_ssid) +
    F("</td></tr>"
      "<tr><td>IP ") +
    toStringIp(WiFi.softAPIP()) +
    F("</td></tr>"
      "</table>"
      "
<br />"
      "<table><tr><th align='left'>WLAN config</th></tr>"
      "<tr><td>SSID ") +
    String(ssid) +
    F("</td></tr>"
      "<tr><td>IP ") +
    toStringIp(WiFi.localIP()) +
    F("</td></tr>"
      "</table>"
      "
<br />"
      "<table><tr><th align='left'>WLAN list (refresh if any missing)</th></tr>");
  Serial.println("scan start");
  int n = WiFi.scanNetworks();
  Serial.println("scan done");
  if (n > 0) {
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
      Page += String(F("
<tr><td>SSID ")) + WiFi.SSID(i) + ((WiFi.encryptionType(i) == ENC_TYPE_NONE) ? F(" ") : F(" *")) + F(" (") + WiFi.RSSI(i) + F(")</td></tr>");
    }
  } else {
    Page += F("<tr><td>No WLAN found</td></tr>");
  }
  Page += F(
            "</table>"
            "
<br /><form method='POST' action='wifisave'><h4>Connect to network:</h4>"
            "<input type='text' placeholder='network' name='n'/>"
            "<br /><input type='password' placeholder='password' name='p'/>"
            "<br /><input type='submit' value='Connect/Disconnect'/></form>"
            "<p>You may want to <a href='/'>return to the home page</a>.</p>"
            "</body></html>");
  server.send(200, "text/html", Page);
  server.client().stop(); // Stop is needed because we sent no content length
}

/** Handle the WLAN save form and redirect to WLAN config page again */
void handleWifiSave() {
  Serial.println("wifi save");
  server.arg("n").toCharArray(ssid, sizeof(ssid) - 1);
  server.arg("p").toCharArray(password, sizeof(password) - 1);
  server.sendHeader("Location", "wifi", true);
  server.sendHeader("Cache-Control", "no-cache, no-store, must-revalidate");
  server.sendHeader("Pragma", "no-cache");
  server.sendHeader("Expires", "-1");
  server.send(302, "text/plain", "");    // Empty content inhibits Content-length header so we have to close the socket ourselves.
  server.client().stop(); // Stop is needed because we sent no content length
  saveCredentials();
  connect = strlen(ssid) > 0; // Request WLAN connect with new credentials if there is a SSID
}

void handleNotFound() {
  if (captivePortal()) { // If caprive portal redirect instead of displaying the error page.
    return;
  }
  String message = F("File Not Found

");
  message += F("URI: ");
  message += server.uri();
  message += F("
Method: ");
  message += (server.method() == HTTP_GET) ? "GET" : "POST";
  message += F("
Arguments: ");
  message += server.args();
  message += F("
");

  for (uint8_t i = 0; i < server.args(); i++) {
    message += String(F(" ")) + server.argName(i) + F(": ") + server.arg(i) + F("
");
  }
  server.sendHeader("Cache-Control", "no-cache, no-store, must-revalidate");
  server.sendHeader("Pragma", "no-cache");
  server.sendHeader("Expires", "-1");
  server.send(404, "text/plain", message);
}

void setup() {
  delay(1000);
  Serial.begin(9600);
  Serial.println();
  Serial.println("Configuring access point...");
  /* You can remove the password parameter if you want the AP to be open. */
  WiFi.softAPConfig(apIP, apIP, netMsk);
  WiFi.softAP(softAP_ssid, softAP_password);
  delay(500); // Without delay I've seen the IP address blank
  Serial.print("AP IP address: ");
  Serial.println(WiFi.softAPIP());

  /* Setup the DNS server redirecting all the domains to the apIP */
  dnsServer.setErrorReplyCode(DNSReplyCode::NoError);
  dnsServer.start(DNS_PORT, "*", apIP);

  /* Setup web pages: root, wifi config pages, SO captive portal detectors and not found. */
  server.on("/", handleRoot);
  server.on("/wifi", handleWifi);
  server.on("/wifisave", handleWifiSave);
  server.on("/generate_204", handleRoot);  //Android captive portal. Maybe not needed. Might be handled by notFound handler.
  server.on("/fwlink", handleRoot);  //Microsoft captive portal. Maybe not needed. Might be handled by notFound handler.
  server.onNotFound(handleNotFound);
  server.begin(); // Web server start
  Serial.println("HTTP server started");
  loadCredentials(); // Load WLAN credentials from network
  connect = strlen(ssid) > 0; // Request WLAN connect if there is a SSID
}

void connectWifi() {
  Serial.println("Connecting as wifi client...");
  WiFi.disconnect();
  WiFi.begin(ssid, password);
  int connRes = WiFi.waitForConnectResult();
  Serial.print("connRes: ");
  Serial.println(connRes);
}

void loop() {
  if (connect) {
    Serial.println("Connect requested");
    connect = false;
    connectWifi();
    lastConnectTry = millis();
  }
  {
    unsigned int s = WiFi.status();
    if (s == 0 && millis() > (lastConnectTry + 60000)) {
      /* If WLAN disconnected and idle try to connect */
      /* Don't set retry time too low as retry interfere the softAP operation */
      connect = true;
    }
    if (status != s) { // WLAN status change
      Serial.print("Status: ");
      Serial.println(s);
      status = s;
      if (s == WL_CONNECTED) {
        /* Just connected to WLAN */
        Serial.println("");
        Serial.print("Connected to ");
        Serial.println(ssid);
        Serial.print("IP address: ");
        Serial.println(WiFi.localIP());

        // Setup MDNS responder
        if (!MDNS.begin(myHostname)) {
          Serial.println("Error setting up MDNS responder!");
        } else {
          Serial.println("mDNS responder started");
          // Add service to MDNS-SD
          MDNS.addService("http", "tcp", 80);
        }
      } else if (s == WL_NO_SSID_AVAIL) {
        WiFi.disconnect();
      }
    }
    if (s == WL_CONNECTED) {
      MDNS.update();
    }
  }
  // Do work:
  //DNS
  dnsServer.processNextRequest();
  //HTTP
  server.handleClient();
}
 

  ベストアンサー

これを見つけました: https://www.esp8266.com/viewtopic.php?f=6& t = 15993

ペレスのこの記事:


"AndroidデバイスにはGoogle DNSがハードコードされていますが、dhpcサーバーが使用するように指示しているにもかかわらず、常に8.8.8.8と8.8.4.4を使用します。すべての発信トラフィックをDNSにリダイレクトするようにゲートウェイを設定する必要があります。


それはアイデアを与え、8.8.8をIP-addressとして、DNS-serverアドレスとして使用します。 ジャジャン!

このスケッチはうまくいくでしょう:

 #include <ESP8266WiFi.h>
#include <WiFiClient.h>
#include <ESP8266WebServer.h>
#include <DNSServer.h>
#include <ESP8266mDNS.h>
#include <EEPROM.h>

/*
   This example serves a "hello world" on a WLAN and a SoftAP at the same time.
   The SoftAP allow you to configure WLAN parameters at run time. They are not setup in the sketch but saved on EEPROM.
   Connect your computer or cell phone to wifi network ESP_ap with password 12345678. A popup may appear and it allow you to go to WLAN config. If it does not then navigate to http://192.168.4.1/wifi and config it there.
   Then wait for the module to connect to your wifi and take note of the WLAN IP it got. Then you can disconnect from ESP_ap and return to your regular WLAN.
   Now the ESP8266 is in your network. You can reach it through http://192.168.x.x/ (the IP you took note of) or maybe at http://esp8266.local too.
   This is a captive portal because through the softAP it will redirect any http request to http://192.168.4.1/
*/

/* Set these to your desired softAP credentials. They are not configurable at runtime */
#ifndef APSSID
#define APSSID "TheGeekMan"
#define APPSK  "12345678"
#endif

const char *softAP_ssid = APSSID;
const char *softAP_password = APPSK;

/* hostname for mDNS. Should work at least on windows. Try http://esp8266.local */
const char *myHostname = "thegeekman";

/* Don't set this wifi credentials. They are configurated at runtime and stored on EEPROM */
char ssid[32] = "";
char password[32] = "";

// DNS server
const byte DNS_PORT = 53;
DNSServer dnsServer;

// Web server
ESP8266WebServer server(80);

/* Soft AP network parameters */
//IPAddress apIP(192, 168, 4, 1);
IPAddress apIP(8, 8, 8, 8);
IPAddress netMsk(255, 255, 255, 0);


/** Should I connect to WLAN asap? */
boolean connect;

/** Last time I tried to connect to WLAN */
unsigned long lastConnectTry = 0;

/** Current WLAN status */
unsigned int status = WL_IDLE_STATUS;

/** Is this an IP? */
boolean isIp(String str) {
  for (size_t i = 0; i < str.length(); i++) {
    int c = str.charAt(i);
    if (c != '.' && (c < '0' || c > '9')) {
      return false;
    }
  }
  return true;
}

/** IP to String? */
String toStringIp(IPAddress ip) {
  String res = "";
  for (int i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
    res += String((ip >> (8 * i)) & 0xFF) + ".";
  }
  res += String(((ip >> 8 * 3)) & 0xFF);
  return res;
}

/** Load WLAN credentials from EEPROM */
void loadCredentials() {
  EEPROM.begin(512);
  EEPROM.get(0, ssid);
  EEPROM.get(0 + sizeof(ssid), password);
  char ok[2 + 1];
  EEPROM.get(0 + sizeof(ssid) + sizeof(password), ok);
  EEPROM.end();
  if (String(ok) != String("OK")) {
    ssid[0] = 0;
    password[0] = 0;
  }
  Serial.println("Recovered credentials:");
  Serial.println(ssid);
  Serial.println(strlen(password) > 0 ? "********" : "<no password>");
}

/** Store WLAN credentials to EEPROM */
void saveCredentials() {
  EEPROM.begin(512);
  EEPROM.put(0, ssid);
  EEPROM.put(0 + sizeof(ssid), password);
  char ok[2 + 1] = "OK";
  EEPROM.put(0 + sizeof(ssid) + sizeof(password), ok);
  EEPROM.commit();
  EEPROM.end();
}

/** Handle root or redirect to captive portal */
void handleRoot() {
  if (captivePortal()) { // If caprive portal redirect instead of displaying the page.
    return;
  }
  server.sendHeader("Cache-Control", "no-cache, no-store, must-revalidate");
  server.sendHeader("Pragma", "no-cache");
  server.sendHeader("Expires", "-1");

  String Page;
  Page += F(
            "<html><head></head><body>"
            "<h1>HELLO WORLD!!</h1>");
  if (server.client().localIP() == apIP) {
    Page += String(F("<p>You are connected through the soft AP: ")) + softAP_ssid + F("</p>");
  } else {
    Page += String(F("<p>You are connected through the wifi network: ")) + ssid + F("</p>");
  }
  Page += F(
            "<p>You may want to <a href='/wifi'>config the wifi connection</a>.</p>"
            "</body></html>");

  server.send(200, "text/html", Page);
}

/** Redirect to captive portal if we got a request for another domain. Return true in that case so the page handler do not try to handle the request again. */
boolean captivePortal() {
  if (!isIp(server.hostHeader()) && server.hostHeader() != (String(myHostname) + ".local")) {
    Serial.println("Request redirected to captive portal");
    server.sendHeader("Location", String("http://") + toStringIp(server.client().localIP()), true);
    server.send(302, "text/plain", "");   // Empty content inhibits Content-length header so we have to close the socket ourselves.
    server.client().stop(); // Stop is needed because we sent no content length
    return true;
  }
  return false;
}

/** Wifi config page handler */
void handleWifi() {
  server.sendHeader("Cache-Control", "no-cache, no-store, must-revalidate");
  server.sendHeader("Pragma", "no-cache");
  server.sendHeader("Expires", "-1");

  String Page;
  Page += F(
            "<html><head></head><body>"
            "<h1>Wifi config</h1>");
  if (server.client().localIP() == apIP) {
    Page += String(F("<p>You are connected through the soft AP: ")) + softAP_ssid + F("</p>");
  } else {
    Page += String(F("<p>You are connected through the wifi network: ")) + ssid + F("</p>");
  }
  Page +=
    String(F(
             "
<br />"
             "<table><tr><th align='left'>SoftAP config</th></tr>"
             "<tr><td>SSID ")) +
    String(softAP_ssid) +
    F("</td></tr>"
      "<tr><td>IP ") +
    toStringIp(WiFi.softAPIP()) +
    F("</td></tr>"
      "</table>"
      "
<br />"
      "<table><tr><th align='left'>WLAN config</th></tr>"
      "<tr><td>SSID ") +
    String(ssid) +
    F("</td></tr>"
      "<tr><td>IP ") +
    toStringIp(WiFi.localIP()) +
    F("</td></tr>"
      "</table>"
      "
<br />"
      "<table><tr><th align='left'>WLAN list (refresh if any missing)</th></tr>");
  Serial.println("scan start");
  int n = WiFi.scanNetworks();
  Serial.println("scan done");
  if (n > 0) {
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
      Page += String(F("
<tr><td>SSID ")) + WiFi.SSID(i) + ((WiFi.encryptionType(i) == ENC_TYPE_NONE) ? F(" ") : F(" *")) + F(" (") + WiFi.RSSI(i) + F(")</td></tr>");
    }
  } else {
    Page += F("<tr><td>No WLAN found</td></tr>");
  }
  Page += F(
            "</table>"
            "
<br /><form method='POST' action='wifisave'><h4>Connect to network:</h4>"
            "<input type='text' placeholder='network' name='n'/>"
            "<br /><input type='password' placeholder='password' name='p'/>"
            "<br /><input type='submit' value='Connect/Disconnect'/></form>"
            "<p>You may want to <a href='/'>return to the home page</a>.</p>"
            "</body></html>");
  server.send(200, "text/html", Page);
  server.client().stop(); // Stop is needed because we sent no content length
}

/** Handle the WLAN save form and redirect to WLAN config page again */
void handleWifiSave() {
  Serial.println("wifi save");
  server.arg("n").toCharArray(ssid, sizeof(ssid) - 1);
  server.arg("p").toCharArray(password, sizeof(password) - 1);
  server.sendHeader("Location", "wifi", true);
  server.sendHeader("Cache-Control", "no-cache, no-store, must-revalidate");
  server.sendHeader("Pragma", "no-cache");
  server.sendHeader("Expires", "-1");
  server.send(302, "text/plain", "");    // Empty content inhibits Content-length header so we have to close the socket ourselves.
  server.client().stop(); // Stop is needed because we sent no content length
  saveCredentials();
  connect = strlen(ssid) > 0; // Request WLAN connect with new credentials if there is a SSID
}

void handleNotFound() {
  if (captivePortal()) { // If caprive portal redirect instead of displaying the error page.
    return;
  }
  String message = F("File Not Found

");
  message += F("URI: ");
  message += server.uri();
  message += F("
Method: ");
  message += (server.method() == HTTP_GET) ? "GET" : "POST";
  message += F("
Arguments: ");
  message += server.args();
  message += F("
");

  for (uint8_t i = 0; i < server.args(); i++) {
    message += String(F(" ")) + server.argName(i) + F(": ") + server.arg(i) + F("
");
  }
  server.sendHeader("Cache-Control", "no-cache, no-store, must-revalidate");
  server.sendHeader("Pragma", "no-cache");
  server.sendHeader("Expires", "-1");
  server.send(404, "text/plain", message);
}

void setup() {
  delay(1000);
  Serial.begin(9600);
  Serial.println();
  Serial.println("Configuring access point...");
  /* You can remove the password parameter if you want the AP to be open. */
  WiFi.softAPConfig(apIP, apIP, netMsk);
  WiFi.softAP(softAP_ssid, softAP_password);
  delay(500); // Without delay I've seen the IP address blank
  Serial.print("AP IP address: ");
  Serial.println(WiFi.softAPIP());

  /* Setup the DNS server redirecting all the domains to the apIP */
  dnsServer.setErrorReplyCode(DNSReplyCode::NoError);
  dnsServer.start(DNS_PORT, "*", apIP);

  /* Setup web pages: root, wifi config pages, SO captive portal detectors and not found. */
  server.on("/", handleRoot);
  server.on("/wifi", handleWifi);
  server.on("/wifisave", handleWifiSave);
  server.on("/generate_204", handleRoot);  //Android captive portal. Maybe not needed. Might be handled by notFound handler.
  server.on("/fwlink", handleRoot);  //Microsoft captive portal. Maybe not needed. Might be handled by notFound handler.
  server.onNotFound(handleNotFound);
  server.begin(); // Web server start
  Serial.println("HTTP server started");
  loadCredentials(); // Load WLAN credentials from network
  connect = strlen(ssid) > 0; // Request WLAN connect if there is a SSID
}

void connectWifi() {
  Serial.println("Connecting as wifi client...");
  WiFi.disconnect();
  WiFi.begin(ssid, password);
  int connRes = WiFi.waitForConnectResult();
  Serial.print("connRes: ");
  Serial.println(connRes);
}

void loop() {
  if (connect) {
    Serial.println("Connect requested");
    connect = false;
    connectWifi();
    lastConnectTry = millis();
  }
  {
    unsigned int s = WiFi.status();
    if (s == 0 && millis() > (lastConnectTry + 60000)) {
      /* If WLAN disconnected and idle try to connect */
      /* Don't set retry time too low as retry interfere the softAP operation */
      connect = true;
    }
    if (status != s) { // WLAN status change
      Serial.print("Status: ");
      Serial.println(s);
      status = s;
      if (s == WL_CONNECTED) {
        /* Just connected to WLAN */
        Serial.println("");
        Serial.print("Connected to ");
        Serial.println(ssid);
        Serial.print("IP address: ");
        Serial.println(WiFi.localIP());

        // Setup MDNS responder
        if (!MDNS.begin(myHostname)) {
          Serial.println("Error setting up MDNS responder!");
        } else {
          Serial.println("mDNS responder started");
          // Add service to MDNS-SD
          MDNS.addService("http", "tcp", 80);
        }
      } else if (s == WL_NO_SSID_AVAIL) {
        WiFi.disconnect();
      }
    }
    if (s == WL_CONNECTED) {
      MDNS.update();
    }
  }
  // Do work:
  //DNS
  dnsServer.processNextRequest();
  //HTTP
  server.handleClient();
}
 

Example

  同じタグがついた質問を見る

c++arduino-esp8266wificonfigurationaccess-point