問題

有沒有辦法在互動式或script執行模式下擴大輸出的顯示?

具體來說,我在Pandas dataframe上使用system()函式.當dataframe寬為5列(標籤)時,我得到我想要的描述性統計資料.但是,如果dataframe有任何其他列,統計資料被壓制,並返回這樣的東西:

 >> Index: 8 entries, count to max  
>> Data columns:  
>> x1          8  non-null values  
>> x2          8  non-null values  
>> x3          8  non-null values  
>> x4          8  non-null values  
>> x5          8  non-null values  
>> x6          8  non-null values  
>> x7          8  non-null values  
 

給出“8”值是否有6或7列.“8”指什麼?

我已經嘗試將IDLE視窗拖動更大,並增加“Configure IDLE”寬度選項,無濟於事.

我使用Pandas和script()的目的是避免使用像STATA這樣的第二個程式進行基本的資料操作和調查.

Python/IDLE 2.7.3
2001年12月31日終了的兩年期收入和支出及準備金和基金結餘變動報表 pandas 0.8.1
2001年12月31日終了的兩年期收入和支出及準備金和基金結餘變動報表 記事本+6.1.4(UNICODE)
2001年12月31日終了的兩年期收入和支出及準備金和基金結餘變動報表 Windows Vista SP2

  最佳答案

更新:pandas 0.23.4以後

這是不必要的,如果您設定了 pd.options.display.width = 0,pandas 會自動檢測到終端視窗的大小。

pandas.set_printoptions(...)被棄用.相反,使用pandas.set_option(optname, val)或等價pd.options.<opt.hierarchical.name> = val.如:

 import pandas as pd
pd.set_option('display.max_rows', 500)
pd.set_option('display.max_columns', 500)
pd.set_option('display.width', 1000)
 

這是set_option 的幫助:

set_option(pat,value) - Sets the value of the specified option

Available options:
display.[chop_threshold, colheader_justify, column_space, date_dayfirst,
         date_yearfirst, encoding, expand_frame_repr, float_format, height,
         line_width, max_columns, max_colwidth, max_info_columns, max_info_rows,
         max_rows, max_seq_items, mpl_style, multi_sparse, notebook_repr_html,
         pprint_nest_depth, precision, width]
mode.[sim_interactive, use_inf_as_null]

Parameters
----------
pat - str/regexp which should match a single option.

Note: partial matches are supported for convenience, but unless you use the
full option name (e.g. x.y.z.option_name), your code may break in future
versions if new options with similar names are introduced.

value - new value of option.

Returns
-------
None

Raises
------
KeyError if no such option exists

display.chop_threshold: [default: None] [currently: None]
: float or None
        if set to a float value, all float values smaller then the given threshold
        will be displayed as exactly 0 by repr and friends.
display.colheader_justify: [default: right] [currently: right]
: 'left'/'right'
        Controls the justification of column headers. used by DataFrameFormatter.
display.column_space: [default: 12] [currently: 12]No description available.

display.date_dayfirst: [default: False] [currently: False]
: boolean
        When True, prints and parses dates with the day first, eg 20/01/2005
display.date_yearfirst: [default: False] [currently: False]
: boolean
        When True, prints and parses dates with the year first, eg 2005/01/20
display.encoding: [default: UTF-8] [currently: UTF-8]
: str/unicode
        Defaults to the detected encoding of the console.
        Specifies the encoding to be used for strings returned by to_string,
        these are generally strings meant to be displayed on the console.
display.expand_frame_repr: [default: True] [currently: True]
: boolean
        Whether to print out the full DataFrame repr for wide DataFrames
        across multiple lines, `max_columns` is still respected, but the output will
        wrap-around across multiple "pages" if it's width exceeds `display.width`.
display.float_format: [default: None] [currently: None]
: callable
        The callable should accept a floating point number and return
        a string with the desired format of the number. This is used
        in some places like SeriesFormatter.
        See core.format.EngFormatter for an example.
display.height: [default: 60] [currently: 1000]
: int
        Deprecated.
        (Deprecated, use `display.height` instead.)

display.line_width: [default: 80] [currently: 1000]
: int
        Deprecated.
        (Deprecated, use `display.width` instead.)

display.max_columns: [default: 20] [currently: 500]
: int
        max_rows and max_columns are used in __repr__() methods to decide if
        to_string() or info() is used to render an object to a string.  In case
        python/IPython is running in a terminal this can be set to 0 and pandas
        will correctly auto-detect the width the terminal and swap to a smaller
        format in case all columns would not fit vertically. The IPython notebook,
        IPython qtconsole, or IDLE do not run in a terminal and hence it is not
        possible to do correct auto-detection.
        'None' value means unlimited.
display.max_colwidth: [default: 50] [currently: 50]
: int
        The maximum width in characters of a column in the repr of
        a pandas data structure. When the column overflows, a "..."
        placeholder is embedded in the output.
display.max_info_columns: [default: 100] [currently: 100]
: int
        max_info_columns is used in DataFrame.info method to decide if
        per column information will be printed.
display.max_info_rows: [default: 1690785] [currently: 1690785]
: int or None
        max_info_rows is the maximum number of rows for which a frame will
        perform a null check on its columns when repr'ing To a console.
        The default is 1,000,000 rows. So, if a DataFrame has more
        1,000,000 rows there will be no null check performed on the
        columns and thus the representation will take much less time to
        display in an interactive session. A value of None means always
        perform a null check when repr'ing.
display.max_rows: [default: 60] [currently: 500]
: int
        This sets the maximum number of rows pandas should output when printing
        out various output. For example, this value determines whether the repr()
        for a dataframe prints out fully or just a summary repr.
        'None' value means unlimited.
display.max_seq_items: [default: None] [currently: None]
: int or None

        when pretty-printing a long sequence, no more then `max_seq_items`
        will be printed. If items are ommitted, they will be denoted by the addition
        of "..." to the resulting string.

        If set to None, the number of items to be printed is unlimited.
display.mpl_style: [default: None] [currently: None]
: bool

        Setting this to 'default' will modify the rcParams used by matplotlib
        to give plots a more pleasing visual style by default.
        Setting this to None/False restores the values to their initial value.
display.multi_sparse: [default: True] [currently: True]
: boolean
        "sparsify" MultiIndex display (don't display repeated
        elements in outer levels within groups)
display.notebook_repr_html: [default: True] [currently: True]
: boolean
        When True, IPython notebook will use html representation for
        pandas objects (if it is available).
display.pprint_nest_depth: [default: 3] [currently: 3]
: int
        Controls the number of nested levels to process when pretty-printing
display.precision: [default: 7] [currently: 7]
: int
        Floating point output precision (number of significant digits). This is
        only a suggestion
display.width: [default: 80] [currently: 1000]
: int
        Width of the display in characters. In case python/IPython is running in
        a terminal this can be set to None and pandas will correctly auto-detect the
        width.
        Note that the IPython notebook, IPython qtconsole, or IDLE do not run in a
        terminal and hence it is not possible to correctly detect the width.
mode.sim_interactive: [default: False] [currently: False]
: boolean
        Whether to simulate interactive mode for purposes of testing
mode.use_inf_as_null: [default: False] [currently: False]
: boolean
        True means treat None, NaN, INF, -INF as null (old way),
        False means None and NaN are null, but INF, -INF are not null
        (new way).
Call def:   pd.set_option(self, *args, **kwds)

編輯:舊版本資訊,其中大部分已被棄用.

正如@BMU 提到,pandas自動檢測顯示區域的大小(預設情況下),當物件repr不適合顯示時將使用摘要檢視.您提到調整IDLE視窗的大小,沒有效果.如果您做print df.describe().to_string()它適合IDLE視窗?

終端大小由pandas.util.terminal.get_terminal_size()(已棄用和刪除)決定,這返回包含顯示的(width, height)的元組.輸出是否與您的IDLE視窗大小相匹配?可能存在問題(在emacs中執行終端之前有一個問題).

請注意,可以繞過自動檢測,如果行數,列不超過給定的限制,pandas.set_printoptions(max_rows=200, max_columns=10)將永遠不會切換到摘要檢視.


“max_colwidth”選項有助於檢視每列的未截斷形式。

TruncatedColumnDisplay

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